In recent times, Formula E has drastically risen in popularity – be it for its eco-credentials or the exciting wheel-to-wheel action that occurs in every race. Established in 2014, the all-electric racing series is now in its sixth season.
Having been granted World Championship status for the coming 2020/21 season and recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) as one of the highest levels of motorsport, it’s no surprise to learn that Formula E attracted over 411 million TV viewers worldwide.
To better understand the motorsport, we’ll explain everything you need to know about the race format, outline the current race calendar and even dive into the technology that powers a Formula E racecar.
Formula E: The racecar
The current generation Formula E racecar is solely made by Spark Racing Technology (SRT). Unlike in Formula 1, where manufacturers have a lot of input in the aerodynamics and operation of their racecars, in Formula E, everything is standardised – this makes for a level playing field.
Inside the single-seater SRT05e (Spark Gen2) racecar, sits an electric motor that outputs 250 kW (335hp) of power; that might not sound like much when pitted against a Formula 1 racecar that has over 745 kW of power (1,000 hp), but the former still manages 0-62 mph in under 2.8s.
To give it the juice it needs, Spark Racing Technology houses a 54kW battery pack made by McLaren Applied Technologies. The battery pack, which resides within the racecar’s carbon fibre and kevlar body, lasts the entire race – there’s no pitting or ‘refuelling’ in Formula E. Once the battery has fully depleted, the racecar will come to a standstill; there have been times where drivers have pushed too hard and not tactically conserved their battery, and as a result, have had to forfeit the race.
Thankfully, Formula E racecars have active regeneration braking technology, where around 30% of power gets transferred back into the battery pack.
In terms of the racecar’s design, the SRT05e is made to have a low drag coefficient – this helps it be as efficient as possible and maximises the battery’s output. By comparison, in a Formula 1 racecar, downforce is prioritised over any other design element; as such, these two racecars behave differently on track.
For safety, Formula E vehicles are fitted with the Formula 1-style Halo cockpit; the Halo system is also used to denote different driving modes – Attack Mode and Fanboost, which we’ll get into, below.
As for the tyres, all Formula E racecars have 18″ Michelin Pilot Sport all-weather tyres. Only two sets of rubber are permitted for the entire racing weekend; in Formula 1, teams have a multitude of different tyre types and compounds to choose from over the same period.
Finally, there’s the infamous spaceship-like noise. Due to Formula E racecars being powered by an all-electric powertrain, they have a noticeable high-pitched whine, which comes from the racing transmission. The sound isn’t too dissimilar to an all-electric sports car, such as the Tesla Model S or Porsche Taycan Turbo S.
Due to their comparatively quiet operation, Formula E racecars can race around inner-city circuits. The same couldn’t be said about Formula 1 vehicles which have a thunderous turbocharged V6 hybrid petrol engine, instead.
Formula E: Gen1 SRT 01E vs Gen2 SRT05e racecar
The Formula E vehicle – now in its second generation – has undergone a few changes since its inaugural season in 2014. Introduced in the 2018-19 seasons, the Gen2 SRT05e all-electric racecar is now more powerful, efficient and will last longer on a single charge over its first-generation predecessor, the SRT 01E.
|Gen1 (Season 1-4)||Gen2 (Season 5 to present)|
|Top Speed||140 mph (225 kph)||174 mph (280 kph)|
|Acceleration (0-62 mph)||3.0 seconds||2.8 seconds|
|Power in Race Mode||180 kW (240 hp)||200 kW (270 hp)|
|Power in Attack Mode||N/A||250 kW (335 hp)|
|Battery Capacity||28 kWh (x2)||54 kWh|
|Battery Voltage||700 Volts||900 Volts|
|Battery weight||320 kg||385 kg|
|Minimum Weight||880 kg||900 kg|
|Race length||Dependent on track||45 minutes + 1 lap|
The most notable change comes in the vehicle’s battery pack, where a singular 54 kWh power unit will now last the entirety of the race. Prior to Season 5, Formula E drivers had to come into the pits to quickly swap into another vehicle.
It was planned for the current Gen2 SRT05e to undergo a facelift, in order to make the vehicles more fragile and discourage drivers from making excessive contact – this came after the Gen2 vehicle was made to be a lot stronger, which then meant drivers were seen to be a little more careless.
Due to a variety of different reasons – one of them being the pandemic – the Gen2EVO (the facelift variant) was scrapped in anticipation for the upcoming Gen3 car which is set for the 2022-23 season.
Formula E: Race format and rules
In terms of racing, the E-Prix is dissimilar to what you’ll see in Formula 1. Rather than driving over the course of an entire weekend, where free practice, qualifying and racing are split into separate days, in Formula E these all take place on the very same day.
Formula E: Free Practice
At the start of the day, there are two free practice sessions, which are broken into Practice 1 (45 minutes) and Practice 2 (30 minutes). During this time, drivers have access to the full 250 kW (335 hp) power of their vehicles.
Formula E: Qualifying
Full power remains in qualifying. Here, the 12 teams are broken down into four groups; each contains six drivers, totalling 24 in total. Groupings are defined by the drivers’ position in the Championship standings; in the first race of the season, last year’s Championship positions are used to set the groups.
Once the drivers have been given their groups, they leave the pits in ascending order – each group has six minutes to set a time. Following the times set by all the drivers, the top six times are then given another chance to fight for pole position; much like Formula 1, the fastest cars go against each other.
Named ‘Super Pole’, the six fastest drivers have a lap to prove their worth; the fastest of the bunch not only gets to be at the front of the grid, but also receives three additional Championship points.
Formula E: Racing
Formula E has an interesting race format, in that drivers have 45 minutes of continuous racing followed by an additional ‘hot lap’ after the timer runs out. This is triggered by the race leader crossing the finish line and going around the circuit one more time to complete the race.
Aside from the unconventional race format, all vehicles are limited to 200 kW (270hp) of power, where an additional 50 kW can be attained via ‘Attack Mode’ and/or ‘Fanboost’, where combined, they unlock the full 250 kW of power to a Formula E driver.
To get access to 25 kW of extra power, all drivers can run through designated run-off areas across the circuit; these areas are often considered disadvantageous as they’re off the racing line.
Once a driver has unlocked ‘Attack Mode’, they’ll have a short designed amount of time to use the additional 25 kW of power; the FIA reveals how much time the drivers receive during the race in order to prevent teams from strategising.
The other method to get a boost in power is ‘Fanboost’. Here, drivers rely on the general public to vote for them through the Formula E app, Formula E’s website, or via Twitter using hashtags #FANBOOST + #DriverName. This controversial feature grants five drivers a five-second boost in power.
Voting starts six days prior to the race and remains open up until the 15-minute mark of the race. The additional 25 kW of power can then be utilised by the five fan-favourite drivers after the 22-minute mark. It’s a single-use boost, but can be pivotal in an overtake, whereby combined with ‘Attack Mode’ a driver will have access to the full 250 kW of power.
When either ‘Attack Mode’ or ‘Fanboost’ is used, a driver’s Halo cockpit is illuminated to indicate which mode they’re using; blue for ‘Attack Mode’, purple for ‘Fanboost’.
Formula E: Points
After the race, points are awarded to the first ten finishers – they are as follows: first gets 25 points, second 18 points, third 15 points, fourth 12 points, fifth 10 points, sixth 8 points, seventh 6 points, eight 4 points, ninth 2 points and tenth gets 1 point.
Furthermore, there’s an additional point up for grabs for the fastest lap set by one of the top ten drivers. Additionally, there are three points available to any driver that sets the fastest qualifying time.
Whoever classifies first at the end of the 2020-21 season will be crowned the first Formula E World Champion – this comes after the FIA awarded Formula E with World Championship status for the 2021-21 season, a first for the motorsport. Only a few elite motorsports are granted with such a title: Formula One, the World Endurance Championship, the World Rally Championship, and the World Rallycross Championship are the other select few.
Formula E: Teams and manufacturers
In the 2020-21 season, there are 12 teams competing for the AAB FIA Formula E Teams’ Championship, and among the teams are 24 drivers looking to take the Drivers’ Championship.
|Jaguar Racing||Jaguar I-Type 5||Sam Bird (2)|
|Mitch Evans (20)|
|NIO 333 FE Team||NIO||Oliver Turvey (3)|
|Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team||Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 02||Stoffel Vandoorne (5)|
|Nyck de Vries (17)|
|Dragon / Penske Autosport||Penske||TBA|
|Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||Audi e-tron FE07||Lucas di Grassi (11)|
|René Rast (TBA)|
|DS Techeetah||DS E-Tense FE20||António Félix da Costa (TBA)|
|Jean-Éric Vergne (25)|
|TAG Heuer Porsche Formula E Team||Porsche||Pascal Wehrlein (94)|
|André Lotterer (36)|
|ROKiT Venturi Racing||Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 02||Norman Nato (TBA)|
|Edoardo Mortara (48)|
|Envision Virgin Racing||Jaguar||Nick Cassidy (TBA)|
|Robin Frijns (4)|
|Nissan e.dams||Nissan IM02||Oliver Rowland (22)|
|Sébastien Buemi (23)|
|BMW i Andretti Motorsport||BMW i iFE.21||Jake Dennis (27)|
|Maximilian Günther (28)|
|Mahindra Racing||Mahindra M7Electro||Alexander Sims (TBA)|
Formula E: Race Calendar 2021
The seventh season of the FIA Formula E Championship starts in Santiago, Chile on 16 January 2021. It was originally planned to take in late 2020, however, due to the pandemic, the season will now start in early 2021 instead.
Only the first four races have been officially confirmed by ABB Formula E, with the remainder of the races set to take place later in the year. We will update this article as soon as the rest of the race calendar gets confirmed.
|Race Number||Race Location||Date|
|1||Santiago (Chile)||16 January 2021|
|2||Santiago (Chile)||17 January 2021|
|3||Diriyah (Saudi Arabia)||25 February 2021|
|4||Diriyah (Saudi Arabia)||27 February 2021|
Formula E: How to watch
There are numerous ways to watch Formula E for free. In the UK, you can watch it through the BBC – BBC Red Button, iPlayer and the BBC website. Elsewhere, you’ll be able to stream or watch it on live television; depending on where you live, you’ll find the best service listed on the FIA’s website.
That concludes our in-depth guide to Formula E, if you found this guide useful or would like to ask us a question, let us know in the comments section below. Alternatively, reach out to us via social media: we’re on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube.